Dubai, United Arab Emirates 2006
Construction: 2007 – 2009
Size: 31,400 sq. m
Structure: Perforated Concrete Exoskeleton
O14, a 22-story tall commercial tower perched on a two-story podium, broke ground in February 2007, and comprises over 300,000 square feet of office space for the Dubai Business Bay. O-14 is located along the extension of Dubai Creek, occupying a prominent location on the waterfront esplanade. O14 is sheathed in a forty centimeter-thick concrete shell perforated by over 1,300 openings that create a lace-like effect on the building’s façade.
The concrete shell of O14 provides an efficient structural exoskeleton that frees the core from the burden of lateral forces and creates highly efficient, column-free open spaces in the building’s interior. The future tenants can arrange the flexible floor space according to their individual needs.
The shell is not only the structure of the building, it acts as a sunscreen open to light, air, and views. The openings on the shell modulate depending on structural requirements, views, sun exposure, and luminosity.
The overall pattern is not in response to a fixed program, (which in the tower typology is inherently variable), rather the pattern in its modulation of solid and void will affect the arrangement of whatever program comes to occupy the floor plates.
A space nearly one meter deep between the shell and the main enclosure creates a so-called “chimney effect,” a phenomenon whereby hot air has room to rise and effectively cools the surface of the glass windows behind the perforated shell. This passive solar technique essentially contributes to a natural component to the cooling system for O14, thus reducing energy consumption and costs, just one of many innovative aspects of the building’s design.
The holes are achieved by introducing computer numerically cut polystyrene void forms into the rebar matrix, and sided with modular steel slip forms prior to the concrete pour. Super-liquid concrete is then cast around this fine meshwork of reinforcement and void forms resulting in an elegant perforated exterior shell.
The project has generated extraordinary international interest in the architectural press as it is among the very first innovative designs to be constructed among a sea of generic office towers that have come to be the standard in Dubai’s current building boom. O-14 was recently featured in ‘Impossible City’, an hour-long television documentary about the recent growth in Dubai, which was produced by CBS News and aired in the U.S. on the Discovery Channel in October, 2008.
Currently, the first 20 floors and exterior shell of O-14 have been cast, and the building is expected to be completed in Fall 2009.
O-14 PROJECT CREDITS:
Jesse Reiser + Nanako Umemoto
Mitsuhisa Matsunaga, Kutan Ayata, Jason Scroggin, Cooper Mack, Michael Overby, Roland Snooks, Michael Young
Assistants and Interns
Tina Tung, Raha Talebi, Yan Wai Chu
Ysrael A. Seinuk , PC, New York, NY
Architect of Record
Erga Progress, Dubai, UAE
Window Wall Consultant
R.A.Heintges & Associates, New York, NY
Creekside Development Corporation, Dubai, UAE
Dubai Contracting Company (DCC), Dubai, UAE
Site Area: 34,392 sqf (3,195 sqm)
Building Area (w/ basement parking): 300,000 sqf (27,870 sqm)
Gross Floor Area: 172,000 sqf (15,979 sqm)
Typical Office Floor Area: 6,000 sqf (557 sqm)
Retail Area (Ground + Mezzanine Level): 6,544 sqf (608 sqm)
Building Height: 105.7m (G+22 Above-ground)
# of Car Parks: 416 cars (4 Basements)
Concrete Shell Thickness: From G to G+3 = 600mm, From G+3 to Parapet = 400mm
Concrete Qty.: approx. 19,000m³
(9,893 m³ superstructure + 9,030 m³ substructure)
# of Shell Openings: 1,326
Shell Aperture Ratio: 59.75% – Solid 40.25% – Open